Nigeria’s finance minister has blamed a Western focus on green energy for prohibiting the country from addressing its energy deficit.
Kemi Adeosun, speaking at an International Monetary Fund (IMF) meeting in Washington Wednesday, said that Nigeria was being blocked from exploiting its abundant coal resources.
Nigeria has a huge electricity supply problem, with an estimated 93 million people—more than half the population—without access to reliable electricity, according to the International Energy Agency. The West African country is rich in natural resources, including oil and coal, but its oil production has been hampered by a resurgence in militant attacks in the Niger Delta.
The country’s total greenhouse gas emissions in 2012 were around 475 million metric tons of carbon dioxide, while the U.K.—which has a population almost a third of the size of Nigeria—produced 551 million metric tons, according to the World Resources Institute.
“They suggest that we use solar and wind, which is the more expensive. So yes, Africa must invest in its infrastructure, but we must also make sure that the playing field is level,” said Adeosun.
The Nigerian government agreed in 2011 to attempt to boost its renewable electricity supply from 13 percent to 25 percent of total electricity output by 2025, which would mean that renewable energy accounted for 10 percent of the country’s overall energy consumption.